SALAS TO FIELD AND LINE OFFICERS, JANUARY 22, 1901
[Original in Spanish. Contemporary copy. P.I.R., 1171 4.]
JANUARY 22, 1901.
COPY OF THE CIRCULAR ADDRESSED TO ALL THE FIELD AND
LINE OFFICERS OF NATIONALIST GUERRILLAS IN OPERATIONS
IN THE PROVINCE.
In view of the crises which has occurred in the Headquarters and Politico-Military Government of this province, it is very necessary and urgent
to decide upon what is to be done in order to counteract in advance the general
disorder which usually takes place in cases of this character, to the
grave prejudice of the efforts and thousands of sacrifices which the army
and Archipelago of the Philippines have suffered and still suffer. As our
brothers in arms will understand, if we do not have a constitution which recognizes,
guarantees and answers to the President of the Republic of our
Nation, for the acts of the army in the field in this province, they might be
qualified as illegal and contrary to the holy cause which the Filipinos defend
with all their hearts.
Furthermore, the invading enemy and those who, to the dishonor of our
unfortunate country make common cause with him, might charge to the
army any dishonorable act whic-h might be committed by enemies and those
who are not enemies, who do not form a part of said army, if a legal constitution
were not recognized. Hence, a majority of our companions in arms
being near the place where the undersigned is, the latter has deemed it wise
to send you this circular at the request of the same, requesting that you
should, as soon as possible, express your opinion, and carefully study the
provisional constitution which is herewith submitted for your consideration
and opinion, pending the instructions and orders from the office of the President
of the Republic of the Superior Center of Luzon, hoping that you
will make such amendments as you deem most necessary.
1. To establish a representative body responsible for the acts and
operations of the army in this province, or wherever it may operate.
2. Said representative body shall consist of an Acting Politico-Military
Governor, at the same time Commander-in-Chief of the guerrillas, with six
military secretaries, who shall perform the duties of Military or General
Secretary; Politico or Government Secretary; Secretary-Auditor Secretary
of Police and Justice; Secretary for raising funds or of Finance; and
Secretary-Commissary or of supplies.
3. The province of Iloilo, including Concepcion, shall be divided into
three districts, each one of which shall be under the charge of an immediate
superior, who shall assume the command of the guerrillas operating in his
district, and report the same to the Commander-in-chief of guerrillas.
4. The denomination of columns shall be abolished and they shall instead
be called 1st, 2nd, or etc. -- guerrilla.
5. and last. Immediately after this constitution has been agreed upon
by all, the corps of secretaries shall prepare rules in accordance with said
constitution, and once approved by unanimity and sanctioned by the Acting
Politico-Military Governor and Commander-in-chief of guerrillas, he shall
forward a copy of said rules to all the chiefs. It is useless to mention
that the details and neC'essary explanations will be fully and clearly stated
in the rules to be prepared. I again request that you promptly send me
your opinion at Baije, San Enrique, so that the operations may legally
I am, with most distinguished consideration, yours respectfully.
(Signed) QUINTIN SALAS,
Secretary and Aid-de-camp.
FLYING CAMP, January 22, 1901.