MONDEJAR TO PAVIA LOCAL PRESIDENTE, DECEMBER 5, 1900
[Spanish. D.S. P . I. R. , 1073 . 5. ]
(Stamp) Military Operations. 2nd Column. No. 307.
Dec. 5, 1900.
The Local Presidente of Pavia: [Iloilo province, Panay.]
Neither you nor others need worry about having committed treason towards
your country by taking a compulsory oath of allegiance to the
enemy; but in my opinion the plea of fear as an excuse on account of threats
of death and other misfortunes to your family will not avail you or anyone
else; for your keen penetration, I doubt not, should make you aware of the
system of warfare the enemy is atempting to wage against the unarmed
principal citizens of the town; to speak more clearly, the enemy finding it
impossible to wage warfare with weapons against unarmed people, his high
intelligence found a way of warring against every class of the enemy, that
is, by using cunning and the pen, instruments in which you and the entire
town are not wanting. The oath of sham allegiance which you took through
cowardice amounts to nothing with us, but it does to all the other Filipinos,
as your subscribed oaths will have great influence with the congress in
But I do not think the excuse of being afraid of harm is sufficient to
exonerate you for weakness before our government, as I am sure none of
you can point out even a single town that up to this time has been sacrificed
by the enemy, who while he makes a boast of civilization, is unscrupulous
and barbarous; no one can deny this characteristic in the enemy. If we,
for example, in the mountains should surrender because of the mere threat
from the enemy of excessive persecutions, what would become of our adored
country? To assist you to somewhat more effectively lift yourselves out of
the abasement into which you have fallen, I send inclosed herewith a paper
which I hope you will return to me signed by fifty or more prominent citizens.
With its preservation in the archives of our government the protection
of the small authority of this, your friend, will always be pledged in
God preserve you many years for our liberty and independence.
DECEMBER 5, 1900.
(Signed) P. MONDEJAR,
First Chief of Guerrillas.
FORM TO BE DRAWN UP IN DUPLICATE.
We, the principal residents of the town of Pavia, of our own free will
and accord, and with true sorrow of soul, hasten to send to our insulted
and respected national government this instrument which we sign in
protest against the oath that the Americans under threats of death and
confiscation of property succeeded in making us sign. By virtue hereof
we declare that without coercion of any kind or anyone asking us, we issue
and sign these protests, first having informed the signers in Pavia. on the -
of ---, 1900, of its purport, as they do not understand Spanish.
A true copy.
(Signed) CARLO: B. CABA,