[Original in Spanish Contemporary copy. P. I. R ., 117.2.]
APRIL 9, 1899.
To the General in Chief, MARTIN DELGADO [PANAY]
I have observed with great regret that the force under my command
is suffering from strained relations with the immense majority of the
people of the towns of this zone under my orders. In order to avoid
the repetition of such painful occurrences as those which have taken place
to the grave injury of the sacred interest of the counry which we came
to defend cooperating with the inhabitants of these territories, although
when we see such deeds committed by them we are forced to fear that
there is a profound antagonism between the Visayan and the Tagalog
even though the manifestations have been isolated perhaps having no
relations with each other yet they may have an influence in the provinces
of Luzon; hence in order to avoid even graver and more fatal consequences
not only to military discipline but also to public order, I as
temporary commander of the Expeditionary Battalion, have ordered that
all of the force under my command should concentrate in this pueblo of
San Miguel in the early morning of the 11th of the present month in
order to march from there to Capiz. Which I have the honor to report
to you for your information and action, asking you to make due acknowledgment
of its receipt.
God keep you many years.
SAN MIGUEL, April 9th, 1899.
[Original in Spanish. Contemporary copy. P. I. R., 117.2.]
MILITARY HEADQUARTERS OF THE VISAYAS, April 13th, 1889*.
To Lieutenant Colonel TIMOTEO MARELLA, San Miguel, IloIlo.
General Sr. Martin Delgado has forwarded me a copy of your communication
No. 301 in which you order the concentration of all of your
force in the pueblo of San Miguel preparatory to returning to Capiz.
I have for some time observed that where you are the army of operations
of this island of Panay is much divided and that every military commander
acts according to his own volition without attempting in the least
to put himself in relations with other commanders for the purpose of
executing any military operations. The first thing to be considered by
the Filipinos is that we have a most powerful enemy, not only in his
physical means of waging war but also in his intellectual capacity hence
he is perfectly capable of taking advantage of the opportunities afforded by
our want of harmony. In order to avoid antagonism of any kind, I as General
in chief of the operations in the Visayas recommend to you the utmost
energy and no less prudence acting according to the conditions which
arise making it clearly understood first by persuasion and then by shooting,
that a soldier should never give occasion to popular discontent, and that
he should understand that as he is the stronger he should treat the people
with benevolence. In order that you may see that I make no distinctions,
I am sending the same advice to General Martin Delgado for his people
and to all the people of the towns of that zone for their guidance in their
relations with your soldiers. And as General commanding Visayas, I order
you to suspend your march to Capiz and to remain as you aro engaged in
operations that province.
[Original in Spanish. Contemporary copy. P. I. R., 117.2]
There is a stamp of the headquarters of the Visayas.
[APRIL] 13TH, '99.
Sr. MARTIN DELGADO, General in Chief of operations in Iloilo.
Having heard through various sources and furthermore having observed
that the campaign in this island is going ill, taking an aspect
constantly more unfavorable to the success of the operations on account
of the divisions which have occurred in the army for no other reason
than personal hatreds which should never be allowed to interfere with
the high interests of the Fatherland, I, as general commanding the Visayas,
recommend to you the utmost prudence and the greatest possible
energy, acting according to the circumstances of the case, and you must
make your soldiers and all the inhabitants of that province, first by persuasion
and then by shooting, understand that they must avoid every
kind of conflict with the soldiers of the expeditionary forces. I make
the same recommendation to the commanders of those forces in order that
they may in turn make them to their soldiers.