PAVIA, NOVEMBER 18, 1898
[Original in Spanish. Contemporary copy. P.I.R., 311.13. ]
Stamp of the Revolutionary Government of the Territory of Visayas.
In Pavia, 18th November, 1898, the members of the committee on reforms
have proposed the following articles to constitute the basis of negotiations
for the cessation of hostilities between the Spanish Government
and the Revolutionary Government of the territory of the Visayas:
1. The Spanish military forces are to abandon the city of Jaro, the
Civil and Military Revolutionary force to peacefully occupy it, maintaining
there perfect order without engaging in any form of hostilities.
2. The Spanish force will occupy Iloilo and Molo, taking the same
attitude; they will occupy these two towns only.
3. In case by treaty of peace or act of force the territory of the
Visayas becomes foreign territory, Molo will be immediately evacuated and
the capital, Iloilo, is to be turned over to the Filipino commander designated
by the revolutionists, all interests are to be guaranteed in the conference
which will be held before the occupation by such commander and
the highest authority in the archipelago [General Diego de los Rios, Spanish
Governor General.]; a sham attack or some other concerted measure
will serve as a pretext for the meeting.
4. These measures, adopted for the province of Iloilo, will be carried
out in the other Visayan provinces and in Mindanao, the officials of the
Spanish government being concentrated in the capitals in order that the
surrender may be complete and carried out without injury to any interests
5. In case the sovereignty of the Philippines remains invested in
Spain, a new political regime suited to the aspirations of the country will
be established with the assistance of the committee on reforms, which will
act with the Revolutionists and this will be inaugurated with the necessary
guarantees including the armed force which the latter consider advisable.
6. For mutual advantage the telegraph lines in the territory occupied
by the revolutionary force will be carefully preserved by them and
the officials of the telegraphs will be considered neutrals and respected by
7. The Spanish prisoners in the province of Iloilo will be exchanged
for those held by Spanish. The number of prisoners held by the two parties
will not be considered in the exchange.
8. At the moment when the congress of Paris ratifies the Spanish
sovereignty in the Visayas, a full amnesty will be proclaimed without exceptions
or limitations of any sort and a decree will be issued disbanding
the civil guard which will be replaced by a force made up of the people
officered by men of their choice; this force is to be attached to the various
municipalities and its principal duty is to be the preservation of order
and the carrying out of police duties in the camps and towns.
9. The Government will turn over 12,000 pesos, funds of the national
subscription which remain after payment of the indemnity, to the city of
Iloilo, and such other sums as have proceeded from the philanthropy of
the church and private individuals, to the illustrious Provisor of the Dio.
cese, who will take charge of the division of these sums aided by the persons whom he appoints for that duty. They will be used to pay for damages
caused by necessary preparations for the Military defense and as
succor to the penury and want of the people of the city.
10. Freedom of travel will be permitted throughout the provinces of
the Visayas, but persons travelling must go unarmed.
11. For the common welfare and in order that this agreement may have
the considerations and respect which its nature and the status of the persons
making it require, both parties are called on and are recommended to
exert all their authority to prevent any conflict nor will they encourage
the commission, by regular or irregular troops, by disciplined or undisciplined
ones, of the slightest act of hostility ,vhich may occasion distrust
JOSE MA. ROMERO.
JUAN DE LEON.
A true copy:
(Signed) FERNANDO SALAS,
The Secretary General.
JARO, 5th December, 1898.
Same stamp as at the beginning.
[NOTE.-V. Gay was the Spanish Alcalde of Iloilo at this time.-J. R.
In a letter from the insurgent officials in Panay to E. Aguinaldo dated
5th December, 1898, occurs the following paragraph bearing on this letter:
"We send details of the progress of the campaign and a copy of the
propositions made by General Rios signed by the members of the council
of reform which acts for the Spanish general and not for us who do not
wish to be compromised in any agreement affecting our political future,
which we desire to have completley united with that of Luzon, without first
consulting you as the Supreme Chief of the Philippine Nation."