LETTER, JANUARY 19, 1899
MANILA. (Received Washington, January 1, 1899 - 9.55 a.m.)
General Miller reports from Iloilo, city and environs in possession insurgents, 2,500
armed with rifles, 10,000 with [bolos?]. Recognized Aguinaldo can not surrender
without his orders. Miller can take city with force at hand, but not without great
loss of life among inhabitants and destruction of property. Merchants who petitioned
for troops now ask Miller to avoid conflict. His troops in harbor close to city and
he awaiting instructions. His first instructions were to occupy city in case insurgents
in possession through peaceful means, followed later by orders to seize if he
could do so without great loss of life and destruction of property. Excited condition
of affairs in and surrounding Manila. Insurgents active. Can not weaken force here
very much. Am prepared to send 1,100 men south. Cable of yesterday just received.
Will act with caution.